Saturday, May 16, 2020

Culture and Conflict Essay - 1217 Words

The possibility of the clash of civilizations, as seen by a quick glimpse of history, makes it evident that conflict is nearly inevitable. There are 5 key aspects that bring about problems in any given scenario. Historically, a niche is formed from a group of individuals with similar ways of life; through time the niche gains resources and adopts a religion or lack thereof. With these characteristics attributed to a group of people they are either viewed as friends or foes to neighboring communities, creating alliances. When a minor conflict arises with one community, because of alliances you have major conflict which has the possibility to tear individual communities apart. Samuel P. Huntington describes exactly the same theory covered†¦show more content†¦This can simply be put as, â€Å"take a walk in their shoes.† When you begin to take this walk you immerse yourself in their culture, in their ways of life, in their suffering. All of these different aspects come together and you realize the motivations that are present in other areas apart from your own. In the episode of Darmok, the culturally relevant episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation, the crew of the Enterprise had to immerse themselves into the strangely foreign world of the Tamarians’ lives to begin to understand them. Even technology was unable to bridge the gap between the two species and intuition ruled out over all the search algorithms and speech recognition technology could provide. Many people, to get this immersion, will travel abroad and use their time helping others while getting the experience of living someone else’s life. You become accustomed to your way of life you see others as â€Å"uncultured† and this experience changes that way of thinking. A transformation begins and an understanding develops. Becoming educated about or experiencing even one other cultural group can open up a world in which you see the differences that we all share and begin to realize that we aren’t all that much different. Much of the problem however can lie in the internal conflict brought up in groups that behave in much the same way. A perfect example is the conflicts in the Middle East or evenShow MoreRelatedCulture And Conflict In The Organizational Culture Of Uber1276 Words   |  6 PagesCulture is the collective attitude, intellect, and atmosphere that a community creates for itself. This includes values, traditions, and social norms. Specifically, organizational culture is within a community, group, or business that shares values, follows a code of conduct and standards, and holds its members accountable for their contributions. Organizational culture arises from the goals and mission set out by the company. A negligent culture can provoke and encourage inappropriate behavior betweenRead MoreThe Culture And Dynamics Of Conflict2083 Words   |  9 PagesSTRATEGY 1: UNDERSTAND THE CULTURE AND DYNAMICS OF CONFLICT The company Enron was formed in 1985 after two natural gas companies, Houston Natural Gas and InterNorth merged together. Kenneth Lay, former chief executive officer of Houston Natural Gas was named CEO of Enron and a year later, Lay was assigned to the chairman of Enron. A few years later, Enron launched a website to allow customers to buy stock for Enron, making it the largest business site in the world. The growth of Enron was rapid;Read MoreCulture Clash: Opportunity or Conflict?1089 Words   |  5 PagesCulture clash: Opportunity or conflict? By - Judah L. Ronch, PhD We talk a lot about culture change, but what is it about the culture that needs to be changed, and which culture are we talking about? In all community care settings, there are actually a few cultures that come together and, sometimes, collide. We have examined culture before and used Edgar Scheins definition, which we have loosely summarized as â€Å"the way we do things around here.† 1 This definition applies to both the cultureRead MoreGender and Culture Conflicts at Work858 Words   |  3 Pagesï » ¿Gender and Culture Conflicts @Work There are a number of conflicts at my workplace. One of which that is related to gender is the differences in conflict management and conflict interaction with respect to gender. I noticed differences in how women react to and engage in conflict as compared with men. While differences are good in some cases, these differences, particularly with respect to conflict (in general) can exacerbate the conflict or redirect it such that the conflict does not get resolvedRead MoreA Conflict Of Cultures : Kerry Beck1610 Words   |  7 Pages A Conflict of Cultures Kerry Beck Charleston Southern University All material in this paper is the author’s original work and all resources have been properly cited. Outline The Mothers of Good Will are a religious order that operates two hospitals which have recently been merged The two facilities have developed very different cultures over time and are having difficulty integrating as a result Hospital ‘A’ was, until recently, an acute care facility Its culture was more fluid and openRead MoreThe Theory Of Culture : A Conflict View1946 Words   |  8 PagesThe identities that each person possesses is influenced according to their attitudes, values and beliefs embedded in their culture. When people hear the word cult, the images of satan worshipping, animal sacrifices and evil, pagan rituals automatically come to mind. However, in reality, the majority of cults do not involve these things and are in fact simply a religious system with alternate beliefs. The word though refers to an unorthodox sect whose members distort the original doctrines of theRead MoreA Decade Of Conflict, Conformity And Culture2821 Words   |  12 PagesA DECADE OF CONFLICT, CONFORMITY AND CULTURE The era of the 1920s has been depicted as the Roaring Twenties, a time of glamour and glitter with the rise of parties, the dance of the â€Å"flappers,† the culture of the Jazz Age, and the consumption of pleasures and indulgence in leisure. But the 1920s were more than just the trend of looking good or listening to the blues, it was also a time of conflict, the fight and struggles of women and race, amongst others. By reading two distinct focuses of the afterRead MoreThe Constant Conflict Between Chinese Culture And American Culture1544 Words   |  7 PagesThe Constant Conflict between the Chinese Culture and American Culture Cities, towns, and, more generally, places, are living organisms. Similar to those living within and outside it, a city interacts with other living beings, creating change and taking change. The symbiosis between the places and those within the place can be mutualistic or parasitic, beneficial to both or harmful to one. The early 1900s were characterized by millions of people flocking to America to live the so-called AmericanRead MoreThe Effects Of Taking Conflict On Conflict Management Styles Across Cultures911 Words   |  4 PagesTaking Conflict Personally Conflict, according to, means to come into collision or disagreement; be contradictory, at variance, or in opposition; clash (Conflict Definition, n.d.). There are so many different things that impact each individual on conflict, such as our beliefs, how we were raised, attitude, and life experiences that it is really easy to see how conflict arises. After reading the Peer Reviewed Journal â€Å"Effects of taking conflict personally on conflict management stylesRead MoreThe Conflict Between Modern And Traditional Culture1211 Words   |  5 PagesThe conflict between modern and traditional culture continues to have a significant impact on people with strong cultural beliefs. In â€Å"Dead Men’s Path†, Chinua Achebe uses literary elements of setting, symbolism, conflict and irony to analyze the theme of cultural conflict between people with modern values and traditional culture. To set the background, Achebe begins the story with a twenty-six years old young man being elected as a principal of a rural school located in a village in Nigeria during

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Presentation Speech Prelude Of The Civil Rights Movement...

Presentation Speech: Slide 1: Prelude to the Civil Rights Movement 1950s First, to see how we have gotten to the point of where society is at today, we need to know where we have come from. We can trace the roots of the civil rights movement back to the late 1940s and 1950s, starting with World War 2. During the war, the military was kept segregated, which kept white supremacy prominent. For example, blacks had separate drafts which limited into what branch they could serve. The Air Corps and Navy were mostly white, and blacks often served as cooks or assistants to officers. Many people from the north that went to the south to army bases were shocked and disturbed by the segregation they saw which resulted in a greater awareness to the cause and many people getting involved. Many poor blacks could greatly improve their station in life through the military, and many did so. After the war, President Truman signed an executive order to desegregate all of the armed forces in 1948. In 1954, many public schools were kept segregated which was made legal through the Plessy versus Ferguson case of 1896, in which they claimed that segregation was constitutional as long as the black and white facilities were equal. But at this time in Topeka, Kansas a black third-grade girl named Linda Brown had to walk more than a mile through a railroad switchyard to get to her school for black children, even though there was an elementary school for white children less than seven blocks away. HerShow MoreRelatedOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 PagesMichael Adas for the American Historical Association TEMPLE UNIVERSITY PRESS PHILADELPHIA Temple University Press 1601 North Broad Street Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122 Copyright  © 2010 by Temple University All rights reserved Published 2010 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Essays on twentieth century history / edited by Michael Peter Adas for the American Historical Association. p. cm.—(Critical perspectives on the past) Includes bibliographicalRead MoreLibrary Management204752 Words   |  820 PagesStates. 2. Information services— United States—Management. I. Moran, Barbara B. II. Title. Z678.S799 2007 025.1—dc22 2007007922 British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data is available. Copyright  © 2007 by Robert D. Stueart and Barbara B. Moran All rights reserved. No portion of this book may be reproduced, by any process or technique, without the express written consent of the publisher. Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 2007007922 ISBN: 978–1–59158–408–7 978–1–59158–406–3 (pbk.) First publishedRead MoreSda Manual Essay101191 Words   |  405 PagesFellowship .... At a Duly Called Meeting ......................................................... Majority Vote ........................................................................... Church Board Cannot Remove From Church Fellowship ....... Right of the Member t o Be Heard in Defense .......................... Lawyers Not to Represent Members ........................................ Members Not to Be Removed From Church Membership for Nonattendance ..........................................Read MoreStrategic Marketing Management337596 Words   |  1351 PagesHouse, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8DP 200 Wheeler Road, Burlington, MA 01803 First published 1992 Second edition 1997 Reprinted 1998, 1999, 2001, 2003 Third edition 2005 Copyright  © 1992, 1997, 2005, Richard M.S. Wilson and Colin Gilligan. All rights reserved The right of Richard M.S. Wilson and Colin Gilligan to be identified as the authors of this work has been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 No part of this publication may be reproduced in any material form (includingRead MoreMarketing Mistakes and Successes175322 Words   |  702 PagesAptara ®, Inc. and printed and bound by Courier/Westford. The cover was printed by Courier/Westford. This book is printed on acid-free paper. Copyright  © 2009, 2006, 2004, 2001, 1998, 1995, 1992, 1989, 1986, 1981, 1976 John Wiley Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Communication Characteristics of Fashion Shows

Question: Discuss about the Communication Characteristics of Fashion Shows. Answer: Introduction In current world, presenting the definition of trend is one of the most complex mechanisms. According to Macchion et al. (2017), fashion is generally visualized as the reflection of the economic, social, cultural, and political changes. The fashion industry expresses the modernity and symbolizes the time spirits in a prominent manner. The study will feature the influence of the social and digital trend in the future of the fashion industry. It is notable that the effects of the globalisation have increased the market competition in a drastic way. Jang and Moutinho (2015) opined that the social standing and the digital innovations have created the significant impact on the fashion industry. Hence, the study will discuss the social and digital trends that are creating the recognizable effects on the fashion industry. Furthermore, the study will also discuss the impact by depending on the specific disciplines. The Social Trend in Fashion Industry The society has been playing the significant role in the creative industry. According to Li et al. (2016), the sustainability of any creative industry depends on the acceptability of the social group. It is necessary to note that the emergence of fashion trends is changing the global perspectives in terms of economic, social, political, and digital aspects. The diverse societal aspects are the major concerns for the fashion industry (Macchion et al. 2015). For example, if any fashion industry is planning to extend the business in a new country, it is essential for the company identify the needs and demands of the customers. The fashion industry cannot survive without the supports of the people in the society (Brogi et al. 2013). The trends and traditional approaches are the major concern for the business marketers of the fashion industry. On the other hand, the influence of the word of mouth is also taken into consideration. The business marketers in the fashion industry are providing the efficient efforts on creating the positive image of the brand. Hence, the product quality, prices, material specifications, colour, and designs are the major area of concerns to the people in the society. The standardized quality products at reasonable price would create the positive image of the brand. The impact of the word of mouth is also much significant in this case. Loureiro, Costa and Panchapakesan (2017) explained that the brand promotion is also one of the major factors that contribute to the societal aspects. The demands of the society people in frequently changing. Therefore, the fashion industries are also concentrating on transforming the distribution channels (Radaelli et al. 2014). The promotional media that are used for demonstrating the product specifications also influence the people in the society. Moreover, the c urrent changes in the global market are transforming the demands of the people in a significant way. Hence, the future of the fashion industry is required to be more innovative for reaching to the expectation level of the people in the society. Impact of the Social Trend in the disciplines The impacts of the social trends on the fashion industry are much significant. These trends are bringing the recognizable changes on the disciplines, such as infrastructure, careers, culture, and longevity (Macchion et al. 2015). The growing demands of the society people along with the changing fashion aspects are transforming the creative fashion industry in a significant way. It is necessary to imply that the demands of the fashionable clothes, accessories, and sophisticated needs are growing in a drastic way (Li et al. 2014). As a result, the business marketers receive the opportunity to present the innovative ways of introducing the fashion products in the market. Moreover, it is necessary to bring developments in the infrastructures. For example, the fashion retail outlet can be established in the supermarket area or the localities so that people often can visit the stores. Moreover, these significant changes are providing more opportunities to the people who are pursuing their career in the fashion industry. However, the threats of the competitors are expected in the future prospects of the fashion industry (Macchion et al. 2015). The new practitioners are required being much cautious about the basic needs and demands of the customers. It is essential to conduct the fruitful market research in order to obtain the ideas about the preferences of the customers as well as the market feasibility (Brogi et al. 2013). Concentrating on such research, the future practitioners can establish their sustainable business entity in the fashion industry. The Digital Trend of Fashion Industry From the department stores to luxury boutique, there is the drastic change found in the fashion industry. The emergence of the digital revolution is the new concept in the field of fashion designing process. The innovative uses in the digital technologies have brought several interesting procedures that contribute effective growth to the fashion industry (Okazaki and Taylor 2013). The digital trend has introduced the personalization process that brings the luxury fashion in current age. It has been observed that several luxury brands have refused to enter the e-commerce world for years. They had the perception that selling the clothes online would ruin the exclusiveness of the brand. However, the remarkable growth in the online clothing market has transformed the perception in current time (Hong and Kim 2014). On the other hand, the use of the effective promotional activities through digital media is much attractive to the target group of the customers. More specifically, it is noted that the advancements in the digital age has minimized the technological barriers due to which the demonstration of the fashion clothes has become easier for the business marketers. Furthermore, it is important to mention that people are quite aware about the use of digital technologies. The fashion brands thus can be presented through official websites or social media. The availability of the filtered search engines is quite beneficial for the customers who search for their desirable fashion clothes and accessories at the particular pricing rate. In addition to this, customers can even place their order through digital media and receive the products by just sitting at home (Kant Hvass 2014). The digital trends, these days, are contributing to the versatile fashion industry. It has become easier for the business marketers reach to the target group of customers through the digital marketing process. Moreover, the advanced uses of the digital technologies in enabling the method of connecting more people worldwide (Keller et al. 2014). In addition to this, the online review ages are helpful for the business marketers to identify the basic needs and demands of the c ustomers regarding the fashion clothes and accessories. Impact of Digital Trend on Disciplines In this consumer centric world, the digital trends have the significant impact on the infrastructure, career development, and longevity. In current times, the fashion trends are much versatile. The personalization and self-expression is necessary for the fashion industry in current time. It is necessary that the fashion industry create the greater customer base with huge potentiality (Hong and Kim 2014). Establishing the transparent communication with the consumers would be efficiency enough to gain insights regarding the customers preferences. Moreover, the demands of the luxurious fashion outlet, and fashion brands are growing much remarkably. Hence, the improvement in the infrastructure is necessary. The establishment of mobile shopping has continued growth in the fashion industry. On the other hand, the influence of the social media is considered as the trendsetter for the fashion industry. The fashionistas set the trends that are broadcasted through social media and influence the customers worldwide (Kant Hvass 2014). It has been observed that people spend a quality time social media and visit the fashion pages online. It influences their pattern of fashion-related shopping. The individuals have the career opportunity in the content marketing field that broadcasts the fashion blogs published in the online sites (Hong and Kim 2014). Some of the social media sites are promoting the fashion trends among the social media users. It has been observed that Instagram and Pinterest are the dominating social sites for presenting the fashion trends. These social sites have overtaken the Facebook and Twitter with the help of the supports from million of social media users (Kant Hvass 2014). Hence, the numerous opportunities are there in the digital market in fashion indu stry. Gathering the reviews from the customers through online review pages will also be beneficial in gathering the knowledge about their preferences. Conclusion The study determines the influences of the global trends on the fashion industry. The changing demands of the consumers in current era are introducing the innovative procedures. The impact of the society is much significant. The sustainability of the fashion industry depends on the acceptability of the fashion clothes and accessories to the people in the society. The growing demands of the customers are much providing the significant opportunities to build the career of the individual in the fashion industry. On the other hand, the improvement in digital technologies has brought the drastic changes in the perspective values of the customers. The wider use of the social media is much significant in recent genre. Moreover, it enhances the future prospects of the fashion industry in a recognizable way. Hence, it can be inferred that the social and digital trends are driving the fashion industry towards future sustainability. References Brogi, S., Calabrese, A., Campisi, D., Capece, G., Costa, R. and Di Pillo, F., 2013. The effects of online brand communities on brand equity in the luxury fashion industry.International Journal of Engineering Business Management,5, p.32. Hong, H.R. and Kim, Y.I., 2014. Communication characteristics of fashion shows using digital images.Journal of the Korean Society of Costume,64(6), pp.1-15. Jang, S. and Moutinho, L., 2015, June. Effects of contextual promotions and online information on revenue performance in luxury hotel industry: an empirical investigation of global resort hotels. In2015 Global Fashion Management Conference at Florence(pp. 105-112). Kant Hvass, K., 2014. Post-retail responsibility of garmentsa fashion industry perspective.Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management,18(4), pp.413-430. Keller, C., Magnus, K.H., Hedrich, S., Nava, P. and Tochtermann, T., 2014. Succeeding in tomorrows global fashion market.McKinsey Global Institute. Li, W.Y., Chow, P.S., Choi, T.M. and Chan, H.L., 2016. Supplier integration, green sustainability programs, and financial performance of fashion enterprises under global financial crisis.Journal of Cleaner Production,135, pp.57-70. Li, Y., Zhao, X., Shi, D. and Li, X., 2014. Governance of sustainable supply chains in the fast fashion industry.European Management Journal,32(5), pp.823-836. Loureiro, S.M.C., Costa, I. and Panchapakesan, P., 2017. A passion for fashion: the impact of social influence, vanity and exhibitionism on consumer behaviour.International Journal of Retail Distribution Management,45(5). Macchion, L., Moretto, A., Caniato, F., Caridi, M., Danese, P. and Vinelli, A., 2015. Production and supply network strategies within the fashion industry.International Journal of Production Economics,163, pp.173-188. Macchion, L., Moretto, A., Caniato, F., Caridi, M., Danese, P., Spina, G. and Vinelli, A., 2017. Improving innovation performance through environmental practices in the fashion industry: The moderating effect of internationalisation and the influence of collaboration.Production Planning Control,28(3), pp.190-201. Okazaki, S. and Taylor, C.R., 2013. Social media and international advertising: theoretical challenges and future directions.International marketing review,30(1), pp.56-71. Radaelli, G., Guerci, M., Cirella, S. and Shani, A.B.R., 2014. Intervention research as management research in practice: learning from a case in the fashion design industry.British Journal of Management,25(2), pp.335-351.

Thursday, April 16, 2020

Throughout Journeys End, R C Sherriff re

Throughout Journeys End, R C Sherriff re-creates, for the audience, the reality of World War One Essay Throughout Journeys End, R C Sherriff re-creates, for the audience, the reality of World War One. He also shows the conditions and the tremendous stress and fear suffered by the men at the front. The play is set in Flanders, in Belgium, where much of World War One was fought. It is set in the later part of World War One. World War One was fought using trench warfare. Soldiers each took turns at working in the line until they were given leave, which sometimes wasnt for a long time. The soldiers showed tremendous courage and spirit to continue working and fighting every day even when their tasks sometimes seemed impossible. The play, Journeys End was written about ten years after the First World War, by a soldier who fought in the war, and since then it has been translated into every European language. It is the only play of its era that is still popular today. We will write a custom essay on Throughout Journeys End, R C Sherriff re-creates, for the audience, the reality of World War One specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now R.C.Sherriff chose a very wide range of contrasting characters, which help us to understand how different characters would react in certain situations. Most people have similar characteristics to at least one of the characters in the play. The characters reactions helps us to realise how bad some of the situations really are. A good example of this is when Hibbert, a grown man, is reduced to tears when Stanhope wont allow him to go home sick. Every sound up here makes me all-cold and sick Hibbert à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" Act Two: Scene Two This line really shows how Hibbert cant bare the life in the front line and how the conditions were really too much for a large number of men. He is scared. Hibbert couldnt deal with the situation. He tried to get out of it by faking illness. The characters were under an enormous amount of pressure. They suffered from tremendous stress. In some cases, such as Stanhopes, this can cause sudden mood swings. Look here, Osborne, Im commanding this company. I ask for advice when I want it! Stanhope à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" Act Two: Scene One This time, Osborne is the innocent victim of Stanhopes short temper, which was a result of his time in the front line. His nerves have all got battered to bits says Osborne. This has shortened his temper. He is very anxious. All of the characters have ways of dealing with the trench warfare. Stanhope knows that he is lucky to be alive after three years of fighting. He believes that it will soon be his turn to die. He is living in fear. The only way he knows to ease the fear is drink. Because of his time in the front line, he has become dependant on alcohol. Damn the soup!, Bring some whisky! Stanhope à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" Act One: Scene One He uses the drink to cushion the reality and to try to forget about the war. Raleigh is new to the front line. At home, they  were sheltered from the reality of the war. Because he doesnt know how bad things can be, he fails to see the bad side of some of the situations that he is placed in. He doesnt have to cope with as much as the other officers. I think that R.C.Sherriff uses Raleigh to show how uninformed the people at home were of the conditions in the front line. Osborne tries not to show his emotions. He attempts to look as though he is unaffected by the conditions that he has to face on a daily basis. Other officers, such as Trotter, imagine that they are in a normal situation. .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe , .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe .postImageUrl , .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe , .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe:hover , .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe:visited , .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe:active { border:0!important; } .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe:active , .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ud45609e7f2c98bdb2da50bee696cacbe:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Nightmare World EssaySome of the conditions that R.C.Sherriff describes in the play are unimaginable to people in the modern world. Not only do they face the constant fear of death, but also they dont even have hygienic living conditions. The water that they drink is disinfected because it is so dirty and could otherwise cause illness. Dont have too much, its rather strong today. Hardy à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" Act One: Scene One The men have to dilute it with whisky. The disinfectant that is in the water makes it unpleasant to drink. The sleeping conditions arent much better. Thats mine. The ones in the dug-out havent got any bottoms to them. You keep yourself in by hanging your arms and legs over the sides. Mustnt hang them too low, or the rats gnaw your boots. Osborne à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" Act One: Scene One The beds dont even have bottoms too them. The men dont even get a proper rest when they are asleep at night. This quote also tells us how the rats crawl about everywhere. I should say- roughly- about two million; but I dont see them all. Osborne à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" Act One: Scene One There are more rats than humans out in the trenches. This is very unhygienic. Some of the conversations that the men have reveal a lot about the stress that they are feeling and the fear that they face every day. During Act two, Scene two, when Hibbert tries to go home sick, you can see how scared the men really are. I feel the same- exactly the same! Every noise up here makes me feel- just as you feel. We all feel like you do sometimes, if only you knew. I hate and loathe it all. Sometimes I feel I could just lie down on this bed and pretend I was paralysed or something- and couldnt move- and just lie there until I died- or was dragged away. Stanhope à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" Act Two: Scene Two All the men share the same fear of death. They are all suffering out in the front line. Other conversations reveal the characters true emotions. At the end of the play, when Raleigh dies, he and Stanhope have a very deep conversation, in which Stanhope refers  to him as Jimmy which must be the name that he used to call Raleigh at home, outside of the war. This shows how much he really cares for Raleigh and how he views him as kind of a family member. Another way that R.C.Sherriff re-creates the reality of World War One and the stress that the men suffer from is that he builds up tension in the scenes. In Act Two, Scene One, Raleigh writes a letter home to his sister about his first day or so in the front line. Stanhopes anger and aggression build quite quickly. Stanhope fears that Raleigh will write home to his sister and tell her how Stanhope drinks all of the time and how he has changed as a person. He uses the law that he is supposed to read and censor all of the letters home to his advantage. Its the rule that letters must be read. Stanhope à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" Act Two: Scene One When Raleigh declines, he quickly changes to: Give me that letter! and Dyou understand an order? After this, Stanhope and Raleigh stare wide eyed at each other, creating tremendous tension. This tension clearly shows Stanhopes frustration that has been building up for ages, purely through stress. You can really see what Stanhope is going through. Another point in the play when there is a lot of tension, is the night after the raid. The men are all eating and drinking the food and drink that has been provided and smoking the cigars, when Stanhope tells Hibbert to go to bed, as he is to go on duty at eleven. Hibbert replies with a sarcastic comment. After this the conversation heats up. The following argument ends with Stanhope shouting at Hibbert. .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1 , .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1 .postImageUrl , .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1 , .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1:hover , .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1:visited , .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1:active { border:0!important; } .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1:active , .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1 .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u2ccf80bf1366aced8bcce919797750c1:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: All the world's a stage - from Shakespeare's As You Like It Act 2, Scene 7 EssayGet out of my sight! Stanhope à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" Act Three: Scene Two The following pause creates great tension. The anxiety of the great attack that is due to take place the next day is really beginning to show. The men are obviously very nervous. After reading Journeys End, I now know a lot more information about what life was really like for a soldier in the front line. R.C.Sherriff has been successful in realistically informing a reader of the conditions that the men faced and the tremendous stress and fear suffered by the men. The ways he used to present the information were extremely clear. He created a character for every type of person, which helped me understand what they were suffering. I think that the ways that R.C.Sherriff presented details of the conditions was very clever. Just one sentence can tell us so much about a particular subject, for example the water supply the disinfectant in the water, the germs in it. I think that the conversations that the men have are very true to what the men would really be feeling. They show the ongoing fear of the men. The tension in the scenes really highlights the stress that the  men are suffering. Different people have viewed the play in different ways. Some say that the play has a message for peace however those who were not pacifist found that it supported their opinion too. The play shows the soldiers spirit in difficult situations. The carried out orders that sometimes they didnt agree with, but still put on a brave face.

Friday, March 13, 2020

Behavioral Perspective essays

Behavioral Perspective essays The Behavioral Perspective is the view of the psychological aspect of Behavior. This perspective points out the study of measurable, observable behavior and the way in which the environment determines behavior. Included in this perspective is the nature of man, determinism, and the possibility of change. Behaviorists believe that the nature of man is neither good nor evil. Behaviorists believe in the theory of Tabula Rasa, or the blank slate theory. In this theory a baby is born with no knowledge and their knowledge draws from their environment and experience. Here, Behaviorist B.F. Skinner reiterates his believe in this concept by saying: So far as I know, my behavior at any given moment has been nothing more than the product of my genetic endowment, my personal history, and the current setting. As Skinner puts it, this theory of Tabula Rasa is the belief that people are a product of their environments. This concept also brought forth the famous quote about conditioning from John Watson who said Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in, and Ill guarantee to take anyone at random and train him [her] to become any type of specialist I might selectdoctor, lawyer, artist, merchant, chief, and yes, even beggerman and thief, regardle ss of his [her] talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and the race of his [her] ancestors. The idea that we have no free-will (Skinner) is called Determinism. In addition to the Tabula Rasa theory another aspect of Determinism is Conditioning. Conditioning is the most basic form of learning. In Conditioning a behavior is learned by a person and or animal. This learning is a result of reinforcement or the association of an unconditioned (not learned) stimulus with a conditioned (learned) stimulus. The first of the two types of Conditioning is Classical C...

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Dividend Imputation System Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Dividend Imputation System - Essay Example Previously the corporate tax rate was 39% and now it has been reduced to 30%. Dividend imputation was brought in during the year 1987. It is a tax reform brought about by the Hawke/Keating government. Before the reform a company had to pay company tax on its gains and after that if the company paid a dividend it was also taxed again as income for the shareholder and this led into a form of double taxation. Dr Henry who is leading the Federal Government's taxation review, stated that, "If domestic shareholders have access to full company tax imputation, the company tax actually increases their dividend income - both in pre-tax and post-tax terms". In 1997 the eligibility rules for the same were introduced, with a $2000 minute shareholder exemption. In the year 1999 the exemption was enhanced to the current $5000. In the year 2000 franking credits were made completely refundable rather than decreasing tax liability to zero. In the year 2002 preferential dividend streaming was cast out. Australia's arrangement of dividend imputation which is otherwise known as franking is a key concept which new capitalists had to realize. Australian companies did not escape illogical capital allotment decisions. The imputation system encourages a more liberal distribution of profits by dividends. The most significant facet of this system is that Australian resident individual shareholders get a rebate in respect of tax which is already paid by the company on dividend income. This refund is known as the franking rebate. For instance if an individual pays tax on other income at the highest marginal rate of 47% which excludes the 1.7% Medicare then his tax liability on a entirely franked dividend is cut down from 47% to 17% by the franking rebate. At the same time if a taxpayer has to pay tax on other income at the marginal rate of 30% excluding the 1.7% Medicare levy then his tax liability is decreased from 30% to -9% by the franking rebate. Lastly when an individual pays tax on other income at the trivial rate of 20% exclusive of the 1.7% Medicare levy then the tax liability on a totally franked dividend for such a taxpayer is cut down from 20% to -25% by the franking rebate. As the franking rebate is more than the payable tax, the rest of the rebate can be utilised to offset other income like salary etc. As per calculations the individual mentioned above will have a tax credit of $250.00. Present treatment of resident shareholders in resident company with source of income in Australia: Australian Company Taxable Income = $1000 Australian company tax =$ 300 (which creates $300 of franking credits) Income after tax = $ 700 If the company wants to pay off all its after tax income the highest franking credit that it can apportion for distribution is $300. The consequences of an allocation of $700 along with a franking credit of $300 for a 48.5 % marginal rate shareholder, a 31.5 % marginal rate shareholder, for an Australian corporate shareholder and a superannuation fund shareholder is as follows:- 48.5% Marginal rate shareholder Dividend = $ 700 Franking credit =$ 300 Dividend grossed up =$1000 Tax @ 48.5% =$ 485 Tax offset =$ 300 Net tax payable = $ 185 Dividend after tax =$ 515 31.5%

Sunday, February 9, 2020

The trouble with Lichen. novel by John Wyndham and Short circuit movie Literature review

The trouble with Lichen. novel by John Wyndham and Short circuit movie - Literature review Example â€Å"The trouble with Lichen.† by John Wyndham. The plot of the novel takes the reader from the lab where the doctor, Saxover Francis, with his assistant, Brackley Diana extract the drug from the Lichen to the time when she has to make a run for her life when the secret about the drug leaks into society and her life is threatened. She eventually fakes her own death in order to avoid the death. Ironically, her product is actually supposed to avert death- at least for three hundred years. The movie is about a company that develops a set of five robots. The robots were originally intended to carry out some mundane activities like playing of musical instruments and others. They are named number one through to number five. After Newton Graham has finished developing the robots, he goes to demonstrate them to the other company at the grounds. His demonstration is however abruptly interrupted by a storm. It was while he was still evacuating the robots that one of them was struck by electric current. The electric current causes a â€Å"short circuit† and ultimately changes the instruction codes in the robot. This, as we later find out, gives the robot life. The two pieces are both science fictions that are somewhat related. They both predict on future innovations that actually took place many years down the line. Even though man has not yet found a solution to ageing that would make him attain the age of here hundred years, there are at least some drugs that are being used to control ageing to a significant degree. Consequently, the prediction made in short circuit have also come to see the light of day. There are much technological advancement in the ICT field that can be comparable to the ideas propagated in short circuit. The main reason why I chose this novel and this movie is the fact that they made some interesting predictions about the innovations in the future and the innovations eventually came to be. The other reason is the fact that they both took a realistic approach as far as how society responds to new inventions is concerned. The Trouble with Lichen This is a novel about a young lady who is working as a biochemist and wh o in the course of her day to day duties, stumbles upon a certain strain of Lichen that can actually be used to reverse the aging process in humans. It is from this Lichen that the novel draws its title, â€Å"trouble with lichen.† Supposedly, this strain of lichen can be used to lengthen the lifespan of an average human being to anything from two hundred up to three hundred years. The author of the novel approaches the issue by speculating on how the wider society would deal with such a discovery. There are two main characters in the plot of the book. The first is Brackley Diana and the second one is Saxover Francis. Both are biochemists who are involved in research. Saxover is a doctor and Diana is his employee. They are doing independent experiments to investigate the characteristics of certain strains of Lichen. Diana stumbles on a life transforming discovery when she notices that a certain strain of the lichen prevents milk from turning sour. The strain of Lichen that sh e discovered was rare and it actually originates form East Asia. She works tireless with the help of Francis Saxover and two eventually manage to extract a new drug from the Lichen. They call this new drug antigerone. Antigerone can be used to slow down ageing in the human body. Francis decides to secretly use the medicine on his family members and on himself to prevent their ageing. On the other hand, Diana sets up a spa and cosmetic business and starts using the product on a number of rich and